Mice usually gnaw small, clean cut holes about 1.5 inches in diameter. In residential homes, the gnawing damage of mice is often seen in kitchen cabinets where they shred paper and tear holes in the corner of boxed food. Rat commonly gnaw on wood members such as door corners and joists of flooring.
Bed bugs generally hide in cracks and crevices during daylight hours. They enter these areas because of their extremely flattened bodies. Some hiding places for bed bugs are in the folds and tufts of mattresses, coils of springs, cracks of hollow posts , chairs and sofas.
One of the first signs of evidence of dry wood termite infestation are usually piles of brownish fecal pellets known as kick-out holes or chinks and cracks in the infested wood, usually where outer walls of the wood member have become excessively thin from prolonged infestation.
Bed bugs are very hardy insects. Nymphs and Adults can survive prolonged periods without food or under adverse temperature conditions. Adults can live for a year or longer without feeding and can survive over winter in a building without heat. Nymphs are not as hardy as adults but can survive for considerable periods under adverse conditions.
Drywood termites secure their colony and continue to live in non-decayed wood having little moisture. Drywood termites never require any contact to the ground. They often spread accidentally because they may infest commonly transported items, such as boxes, crates and furniture. Drywood termites can tolerate low moisture conditions for an extended amount of time and the colony is often small, infesting only a small section of wood, and can therefore be readily carried for long distances.